With Nigeria being declared free of the polio virus, Rotary has given an additional $6,9-million boost to the country to support immunisation activities and surveillance spearheaded by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
This was the year when three became two, with the World Health Organization removing Nigeria from the list of polio-endemic countries, leaving just Afghanistan and Pakistan. With no case of wild poliovirus (WPV) reported since 24 July 2014, more than a year has passed with no samples testing positive for WPV across the entire country.
This achievement is a tribute to the hard work of countless health care workers, traditional leaders, more than 400 000 volunteers and the government who managed to turn the programme in Nigeria around by reaching over 45-million children repeatedly with polio vaccines.
Polio is on track to become the second human disease ever to be eliminated from the world (smallpox was the first). To date, Rotary has helped 194 countries stop the transmission of polio through the mass immunisation of children. Rotary’s new funding commitment, announced in advance of the observance of World Polio Day 2015, targets countries where children remain at risk of contracting this incurable, but vaccine-preventable, disease.
“As we celebrate world polio day in a time when we have been removed from the list of polio endemic countries we must remain vigilant and ensure that all children are immunised again polio until Nigeria is certified polio free and indeed the world is certified polio free,” says the chairman of Rotary’s Nigeria National Polio Plus Committee, Tunji Funsho. “No child is safe from the polio virus until no more polio virus exists on this planet.”
Rotary is contributing $26,8-million to African countries to ensure the disease never returns to the continent: Burkina Faso ($1,6-million), Cameroon ($2,7-million), Chad ($2,6-million), Democratic Republic of Congo ($499 579), Equatorial Guinea ($685 000), Kenya ($750 102), Madagascar ($562 820), Mali ($1,5-million), Niger ($3-million), Nigeria ($6,9-million), Somalia ($4,9-million) and South Sudan ($1,5-million).
Outside of Africa, Rotary also announced grants of $6,7-million for polio-endemic Pakistan, $400 000 to Iraq and $5,3-million to India. The remaining $990 542 will support immunisation activities and surveillance.
In total, Rotary gives $40,4-million to end polio worldwide.
Rotary provides grant funding to polio eradication initiative partners UNICEF and the World Health Organization, which work with the governments and Rotary members in polio-affected and high-risk countries to plan and carry out immunisation activities.
To date, Rotary has contributed more than $1,5-billion to fight polio. Through 2018, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation will match two-to-one every dollar Rotary commits to polio eradication (up to $35-million a year). Currently, there have been only 41 cases of polio reported in the world in 2015, down from about 350 000 a year when the initiative launched in 1988.