The banking ombudsman has seen a steady increase in cases, with Internet banking fraud and credit card-related complaints the most prevalent.
During 2018, 7 307 cases were closed – 12% more than in 2017 and an increase of 40% over the last two years. ATM fraud complaints dropped by 4% from 18% to 14%, debt stress-related complaints almost doubled from 3,4% to 6,5%, and the call centre fielded 26 970 calls, an increase of 18% year-on-year and 58% more than the past two years.
“Despite the fact that we were busier than ever, we managed to maintain excellent turnaround times, with an average of 41 business days to close a case, and the service standard to resolve complaints within four months was achieved in 95.3% of the cases,” says Reana Steyn, ombudsman for banking services.
Customer complaints about significant issues in the area of internet banking fraud and ATM- and credit card-related complaints kept the office busy.
The office opened 1 459 and closed 1 349 internet banking fraud cases for the year. “It is evident from the numbers of complaints that our office received, that online banking related complaints continue to be the biggest pain point for customers,” says Steyn.
The figure for online banking-related complaints closed by the office in 2018 is slightly less than the previous year, however, it is still the top category of complaints opened and closed for the second year running, making up 22% of all cases opened.
The second category was ATM-related complaints at 14%, a decrease of 4% from 2017. “This is encouraging and may indicate that customers are more aware and careful transacting at ATMs, or that the fraudsters are targeting other avenues,” Steyn says.
“Internet banking, ATM- and credit card- fraud account for 48% of the complaints in the office. Customers fall victim to various scams and fraudulent activities that target unsuspecting individuals. The fraudsters and hackers seem to be working around the clock to create fake copies of bank websites and impersonate the bank staff.”
Fraudsters send bank customers emails and contact them via telephone. Steyn says the emails and calls are so convincing that many customers get taken in by the scam. “This happens despite all the warnings issued by banks and even our office. Thousands of customers are fooled by the scammers and in the process they lose millions of rands.
“In many cases victims disclose their personal banking details, passwords and PIN numbers which are the direct cause of the loss, and in those instances the banks are not in a position to issue a refund,” Steyn adds.
Out of the 7 115 cases opened, 2 659 (37%) were related to maladministration. This is the description used by the office in instances where, for example, the bank did not follow its own internal procedures which caused a loss, distress or inconvenience for the customer. Another example of maladministration is where a bank fails to conduct an affordability assessment when granting credit as required by the National Credit Act.
The demographic view shows that the bulk of the complaints are from Gauteng at 42%, Western Cape, 15%, and Kwa-Zulu Natal 13%.
“The more significant statistic is that 70% of the complainants are from people over the age of 40. We believe the older generation may be more prone to falling victim to bank fraud and we are targeting our awareness campaigns and consumer education to address this issue.” Steyn says it was also feasible that older customers were more aware of their rights and therefore more likely to complain.
“Whether more senior customers are specifically targeted, or just more prone to scams scam, this group is a priority concern and we would like to assist customers in this space,” Steyn says.