As the festive season approaches, fraud incidences will increase as scammers continue to find new ways to circumvent security barriers and scam unsuspecting consumers of their hard-earned money.
“October is Fraud Awareness Month, and we’d like to take the opportunity to caution our customers to be extra vigilant and closely monitor their online activities to ensure that they don’t compromise their security and avoid falling prey to fraudsters,” says Elgiva Sibisi, GM for revenue assurance and fraud management at MTN South Africa. “The rule of thumb is to exercise the same level of precautions we take in our lives in the virtual and online world.”
SIM swap and porting fraud
Identity fraud has unfortunately become a consistent threat to all network operators and customers around the world, as criminals constantly work to find new ways to beat fraud prevention systems.
“At MTN, we aim to protect customers from fraudulent transactions that often originate elsewhere, often through identity theft. ID theft is often the start of the fraud, with a criminal getting hold of sufficient personal information to pose as a credible ‘network agent’,” says Elgiva. “Once the ‘agent’ has a customer on the line, they then solicit more details from the customer, to then perpetrate the fraud.
“In other instances, personal data may have been stolen to be able to action the fraud, directly.”
A recent example of this was in 2018 when MTN proactively warned all its customers to beware of a new scam that developed. In this scam, criminals claiming to be MTN call centre agents. They would request the customer’s security details under the pretense that they were blocking the processing of a SIM swap request that was being made on the subscriber’s number without their knowledge or authorisation.
The scammers were then using the customer’s responses, that they obtained during the call, to perform a fraudulent SIM swap.
MTN made it clear that it will not contact customers from its call centre to block the processing of a SIM swap request. We also urged all our customers not to respond to unsolicited calls and requests for their security details from an unknown number.
MTN has, for the past year, rolled out in-store biometrics as an additional layer of security to further halt such criminal activity. We have also introduced secure (One Time Passwords) OTP access to systems whereby users who are affected then have a clear tracking and audit log. Our monitoring systems give us a view of all related Sim Swap activities.
The company only processes SIM swap requests between 07:00 to 20:00. This is due to our focus on further tightening security measures to avoid SIM swap fraud. The problem of porting is another route being pursued by criminals. Thieves use a person’s information to switch his or her phone number to a new service provider. The thieves can then use the phone to intercept messages (such as the OTP).
Both porting fraud and illegal sim swaps start with criminals accessing customer’s personal information, through any number of ways. It is critical that all South Africans strictly protect their personal information and not share any details with unverified and unsolicited calls.
“MTN has introduced a solution called Subscriber Identity for Third Parties (SIFT), which gives banks real-time alerts on change in SIM card number. This feature is zero-rated and gives customers a 48-hour window period to stop any unauthorized transactions. MTN is also encouraging customers to provide a secondary number or an email address to verify SIM swap requests,” says Elgiva.
Many of us are familiar with online quizzes in which we get to answer simple questions and the app paints a psychological profile of the participant based on their responses. While this might look like harmless fun, the reality is that some of these quiz apps use the information provided by users to build their psychological profile which is then shared with third parties.
Bear in mind that when you participate in social media quizzes, users are prompted to give the app permission to access their accounts and data from their social media friends. Any time you sign in to a website or app via your Facebook profile you’re asked similar questions. If you approve the app can scrape certain data from your account.
MTN cautions customers to be wary of divulging personal data on online platforms that can be used to defraud them.
Given the current paradigm shift in the market to evolve into a digital connected era, all markets have decided to move business from analogue platforms to that of digital platforms. Digital platforms are agile and have the ability to capture the market that has been untapped through the world wide web.
This has resulted in many operators taking to the digital platforms and digital marketing initiatives to evolve their business to become acclimatised to these new markets and be seen as evolving with the market trends.
However, we’ve seen a large number of customers who were fraudulently subscribed, by the means of click-jacking. This type of fraud is prevalent on smartphones, where a user may mistakenly click on a banner that is linked to a bot which mimics the behaviour of the customer and approves the opt-in and double opt in requests without the customer knowing.
Click-jacking fraud is a major issue and we understand this to be a global issue that occurs outside of MTN’s network. We are currently introducing measures to monitor, protect and put an end to these unscrupulous fraudulent subscriptions.
In a continued effort to ensure that MTN customers are protected and treated fairly, we have implemented a policy (Treating Customers Fairly policy also known as TCF), which is aimed at ensuring that MTN customers are protected against fraudulent and scam activities.
Furthermore, MTN has conducted in-depth checks and ensure that all its technology partners and other stakeholders adhere and comply with the Consumer Protection Act. As a result, MTN has put in place measures through TCF to remove these fraudulent subscriptions activities. MTN has also implemented the necessary fraud detection measures to protect customers.