The telco edge will develop in parallel with 5G Standalone (SA) deployments starting in 2021 that will utilise 5G connectivity types such as ultra-reliable low-latency (URLLC), massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC), and enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) services.
This is according to IDC Asia/Pacific’s latest report, The Topology of the Edge: Bridging Enterprise Edge to the Telco Cloud , which investigates how the evolving telco edge cloud can be bridged to the enterprise edge as communications service providers (CSPs) construct their 5G network infrastructure.
IDC views the edge as comprising four broad categories: the enterprise edge, the telco edge, the operational technology (OT) edge, and the IoT edge. The telco edge, by adopting cloud-native technologies, will be able to carry workloads from the enterprise edge, OT edge and IoT edge by spreading and pricing the network infrastructure cost similar to the way that virtualized Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) is offered by cloud service providers.
Based on IDC’s research, the following are key highlights on telco edge:
- The telco edge is located typically near mobile cell sites and/or regional/local data centers, the latter of which might be much smaller than a typical central data center. In this way, the telco edge is a heterogenous network of far edge and regional data centers. Open source, cloud-native technologies, and industry standards are key to making the telco edge possible.
- Although the industry led by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) has developed a basic framework for Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC), CSPs will still need to build their own cloud-native server solutions and software stacks that integrate into the 5G infrastructure and support a variety of real-time and non-real-time IoT, OT edge, B2C and B2B2X applications.
- The motivation for the telco edge, also known as MEC, is to bring distributed cloud computing technologies, digital platforms, and business models together in order to construct a multi-tenant distributed edge cloud ecosystem. While the ICT industry had focused on centralization via cloud computing to share infrastructure and reduce costs to the enterprise, the MEC is all about distributed computing at the telco edge in order to enable low-latency and high-bandwidth use cases that otherwise would not be feasible with centralized cloud architecture. Example of use cases ideally suited for MEC are autonomous transportation, V2X, AR/VR, high-performance gaming, and real-time sensory and image processing.
- By distributing the compute and storage resources into the telco edge, the amount of IP traffic flowing back into cloud data centers can be reduced significantly which extends the useful life of the service provider network infrastructure.
As 5G SA networks go live and network slicing becomes a reality, the telco edge will become an important new source of revenue for CSPs, web-scale companies. In the past few months, a number of strategic collaborative partnerships have been announced in the US, Europe, and Asia/Pacific. The business model for MEC is still work in progress, and several different models are being explored including pay-as-you-go, IaaS, and wholesale models with various performance metrics – peak speeds, quality of service, data caps, and more.
“The scaling IoT use cases and adoption of wireless SD-WAN devices, and SDN-enabled transport are key drivers to telco edge infrastructure, going forward. In large telco edge implementations, there will be many edge applications from different stakeholders, which means the telco edge will need to be managed and operated as a multi-tenant edge-cloud system,” says Bill Rojas, adjunct research director at IDC Asia/Pacific.