WordPress - Web publishing software Copyright 2011-2020 by the contributors This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA This program incorporates work covered by the following copyright and permission notices: b2 is (c) 2001, 2002 Michel Valdrighi - https://cafelog.com Wherever third party code has been used, credit has been given in the code's comments. b2 is released under the GPL and WordPress - Web publishing software Copyright 2003-2010 by the contributors WordPress is released under the GPL =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Lesser General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things. 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If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations. Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all. The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION 0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you". Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does. 1. 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If the Program specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation. 10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally. NO WARRANTY 11. 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It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found. Copyright (C) This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA. Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode: Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program. You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker. , 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. WRITTEN OFFER The source code for any program binaries or compressed scripts that are included with WordPress can be freely obtained at the following URL: https://wordpress.org/download/source/ SA embarks on reconstruction, recovery journey - IT-Online

President Cyril Ramaphosa presented his plan for the reconstruction and recovery of the economy and country in a joint sitting of parliament and the National Council of Provinces.

He sales the objectives of the plan are clear:

* To create jobs, primarily through aggressive infrastructure investment and mass employment programmes;

* To reindustrialise our economy, focusing on growing small businesses;

* To accelerate economic reforms to unlock investment and growth;

* To fight crime and corruption; and

* To improve the capability of the state.

“The reality that we must confront is that the pandemic will not be over soon,” he says. “This has far-reaching implications in every area of human development, from education to health, from food security to poverty alleviation, from the empowerment of women to social stability.

“The pandemic continues to cause severe damage to the global economy, affecting trade, investment, production, international travel and global supply and demand.”

He adds that South Africa is now entering a phase that requires high vigilance and heightened readiness to respond.

At the same time, we need to rebuild, repair and restore our country.

“Our country had immense challenges for a number of years before coronavirus. The coronavirus pandemic has worsened these challenges.

“Poverty and inequality have deepened, threatening many South Africans with hunger and a sudden loss of income. Our economy, like other economies, has contracted sharply, businesses have closed and jobs have been lost.

“THe economic shock is unprecedented in our country, and it will take an extraordinary effort to recover from it.”

Ramaphosa says we have an opportunity to drive fundamental and lasting change. “It is an opportunity not only to recover the ground that we have lost over the course of the pandemic, but to place the economy on a new path to growth.”

The South African Economic Reconstruction and Recovery Plan builds on the common ground established by the social partners – government, labour, business and community organisations – through intensive and detailed consultations over the last few months.

It is informed by the work of Cabinet’s Economic Cluster working together with government departments and Cabinet itself and draws on the contributions of the leading economists who make up the Presidential Economic Advisory Council.

The creation of jobs is at the centre of the Reconstruction and Recovery Plan. It responds to the immediate economic impact of Covid-19 by driving job creation and expanding support for vulnerable households.

“We aim to do this primarily through a major infrastructure programme and a large-scale employment stimulus, coupled with an intensive localisation drive and industrial expansion.”

The interventions outlined in this plan aim to:

* Achieve sufficient, secure and reliable energy supply within two years;

* Create and support over 800 000 work opportunities in the immediate term to respond to job losses;

* Unlock more than R1-trillion in infrastructure investment over the next four years;

* Reduce data costs for every South African and expand broadband access to low-income households;

* Reverse the decline of the local manufacturing sector and promote reindustrialisation through deeper levels of localisation and exports; and

* Resuscitate vulnerable sectors such as tourism, which have been hard hit by the pandemic.

According to the modelling done by National Treasury, the implementation of this plan will raise growth to around 3% on average over the next 10 years.

“Our recovery will be propelled by swift reforms to unleash the potential of the economy, and supported by an efficient state that is committed to clean governance.

It will be transformative,” says Ramaphosa. “It will be inclusive. It will be digital, green and sustainable, and it will invest in our human capital to lay the foundations for the future.”

He adds that the country needs to focus on a few high-impact interventions and ensure they  are executed swiftly and effectively.

The reconstruction and recovery plan has four priority interventions.

The first is a massive rollout of infrastructure throughout the country. A robust pipeline of projects has been developed. By the end of June 2020, there were 276 catalytic projects with an investment value of R2,3-trillion.

In addition, a list of 50 strategic integrated projects and 12 special projects was gazetted in July 2020. They have been prioritised for immediate implementation with all regulatory processes fast-tracked, and will enable over R340-billion in new investment.

The infrastructure build programme will focus on social infrastructure such as schools, water, sanitation and housing. It will  focus on critical network infrastructure such as ports, roads and rail.

“We have taken steps to remove the constraints that have hampered infrastructure delivery in the past,” Ramaphosa says.

Infrastructure SA and the Infrastructure Fund, with the capacity to prepare and package projects, have been established.

The Infrastructure Fund will provide R1000billion in catalytic finance over the next decade, leveraging as much as R1-trillion in new investment for strategic infrastructure projects.

The second priority intervention is to rapidly expand energy generation capacity.

Implementation of the Integrated Resource Plan has been accelerated to provide a substantial increase in the contribution of renewable energy sources, battery storage and gas technology. This should bring around 11 800 MW of new generation capacity into the system by 2022. More than half of this energy will be generated from renewable sources.

In the immediate term, agreements will be finalised with Independent Power Producers to connect over 2 000 MW of additional capacity from existing projects by June 2021.

The Risk Mitigation Power Procurement Programme will unlock a further 2 000 MW of emergency supply within 12 months.

In addition, the process to implement bid window 5 of the renewable energy programme has begun.

“The current regulatory framework will be adapted to facilitate new generation projects while protecting the integrity of the national grid,” Ramaphosa says. “Applications for own-use generation projects are being urgently fast-tracked.”

The work of restructuring Eskom into separate entities for generation, transmission and distribution continues and will enhance competition and ensure the sustainability of independent power producers going forward.

To achieve this, a long-term solution to Eskom’s debt burden will be finalised, building on the Social Compact on Energy Security recently agreed to by social partners.

“Through these measures, we aim to achieve sufficient, secure and reliable energy supply within two years,” the president says.

The third key intervention is an employment stimulus to create jobs and support livelihoods.

R100-billion has been committed over the next three years to create jobs through public and social employment as the labour market recovers.

The employment stimulus is focused on those interventions that can be rolled out most quickly and have the greatest impact on economic recovery.

At the heart of the employment stimulus is a new approach to public employment which harnesses the energies and capabilities of the wider society, Ramaphosa explains.

“It uses the considerable creativity, initiative and institutional resources that exist in our society to respond to local community priorities. These activities will be locally driven, allowing participants to earn an income while contributing to their community.”

He adds that government will expand natural resource management programmes such as Working on Fire and Working for Water.

“We are going to create 300 000 opportunities for young people to be engaged as education and school assistants at schools throughout the country, to help teachers with basic and routine work so that more time is spent on teaching and enabling learners to catch up from time lost because of Covid.”

More than 60 000 jobs will be created for labour-intensive maintenance and construction of municipal infrastructure and rural roads.

An additional 6 000 community health workers and nursing assistants will be deployed as we proceed with the implementation of National Health Insurance.

Public employment will be expanded at the provincial and city level, contributing to cleaner, greener and safer public spaces and improved maintenance of facilities.

To assist young people who are unemployed to access these and other opportunities, the national Pathway Management Network will soon be launched as a platform for recruitment and other forms of support.

“Finally, the employment stimulus includes direct support for livelihoods and the protection of jobs in vulnerable sectors,” the president says. “Support is being provided to more than 100 000 early childhood development practitioners and to 75 000 small-scale farmers whose production was disrupted by the pandemic.”

The Special Covid-19 Grant has been extended by a further three months.

The fourth key intervention is a drive for industrial growth.

“This is in the context of a steady decline of our manufacturing base over many years,” says Ramaphosa. “To place our economy on a new trajectory, we are going to support a massive growth in local production and make South African exports much more competitive.”

Through the first two South African Investment Conferences, the country has secured pledges of around R664-billion in new investment.

To date, just under R170-billion of capital expenditure committed during those investment conferences has been invested in projects for construction and buying equipment is essential to mining, manufacturing, telecommunications and agriculture.

“South Africa currently imports around R1,1-trillion of goods, excluding oil, each year. If we were to manufacture just 10% of these goods locally, it is estimated that we could add 2 percentage points to our annual GDP.

“The rest of Africa currently imports R2,9-trillion worth of manufactured goods from outside the continent each year. If South Africa were to supply just 2% of those goods, it would add 1,2 percentage points to our annual GDP.

“And if we succeed in reaching our target of R1m2-trillion in new investment by 2023, it could add around 2,5% to our annual GDP.”

It is to realise this huge potential that the social partners have agreed to prioritise a range of consumer and industrial products for local procurement, Ramaphosa says.

The NEDLAC agreement commits all companies and government entities to publicly disclose in their annual reports the value of procurement from local producers and on steps to be taken to improve localisation.

The social partners have also agreed to support a massive ‘buy local’ campaign for this festive season, with a particular call to support women-owned enterprises, small businesses and township enterprises.

“We call on every South African to contribute to our recovery effort by choosing to buy local goods and support local businesses. This is one way that each and every one of us can contribute to building a new economy.”

An important part of growing the industrialisation effort are the sectoral masterplans, which bring all partners together to agree on specific measures to improve productivity, investment and competitiveness.

There are currently masterplans in the automotive, clothing and textile, poultry and sugar sectors.

Work is underway to finalise masterplans in the digital economy, forestry, agriculture and agro-processing, creative industries, aerospace and defence, renewable energy, steel and metal fabrication and furniture.

“In promoting localisation and industrialisation, we will be focusing in particular on the development of small, medium and micro enterprises,” Ramaphosa says. “This will take place alongside the development of rural and township economies.”

There are between 2,4-million and 3,5-million SMMEs in the country, with the largest number in the informal and micro sectors. “They offer the greatest untapped potential for growth, employment and fundamental economic transformation.”

Through a focused support programme, SMME participation in the manufacturing value chain will be supported.

In addition to these priority interventions, Ramaphosa says work is ongoing to  create enabling conditions for a competitive, inclusive and fast-growing economy.

“We are fast-tracking reforms to reduce the cost of doing business and lower barriers to entry.”