Congestion at major global seaports spiked in the second half of 2020, with ships requiring the loading and unloading of over 6 000 containers per visit spending an average of over 83 hours in port, a rise of 20% year-on-year, according to the latest Port Performance data from IHS Markit. Global port delays for ships doing smaller workloads were up between 7,8% and 9,5% depending on the call size.
Ports on the US West Coast were hit hard as they struggled to deal with volume surges in the aftermath of supply disruption due to the pandemic, bigger concentrations of cargo coming at once as well as equipment and labour shortages.
The San Pedro Bay ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach saw combined average in-port time for ships with workloads of more than 6 000 moves rise to more than 170 hours in 2020Q4 from 112 hours in Q3 and 102 hours for similar workloads in 2019Q4.
The in-port time is calculated from arrival at port limits to departure from berth, excluding waiting time outside the port. The overall delays for ships are likely to be higher due to extended anchoring outside ports as ships waited for berths to became available.
The global congestion phenomenon also impacted major gateway ports in Europe and Asia, including some normally associated with very high levels of performance. Qingdao port in the northeast of China, a global top 10 container port by volume well known for high levels of comparative efficiency – saw average in-port time for ships with workloads of more than 6 000 moves increase to over 50 hours in 2020H2, a year-on-year rise of more than 21%. Ships with workloads of more than 6 000 moves were in-port for an average of 45 hours in Singapore (+22% y-o-y) and for more than 92 hours at the UK’s major container gateway of Felixstowe (+34%).
“Restrictions imposed by Covid saw a huge increase in port delays last year costing time and money for cargo owners, ship and terminal operators, increasing emissions and heavily disrupting supply chains. As the world trade is set to grow this year, it is important that ports operate as efficiently as possible as trading economies seek to get clear of the negative economic impact of the pandemic.” said Turloch Mooney, an Associate Director at IHS Markit
Ships transport 80% of global merchandise trade as part of an integrated global supply chain. Delays at ports are a major headache for cargo owners, disrupting supply chains and adding costs in a range of different ways.